Добра форма (dobraforma.ku.edu)
Image courtesy of Derrick Brutel.
Dobra forma (Good Form) provides a web-based overview of Ukrainian grammar with contextualized activities that enable students to internalize correct grammatical forms as they focus on the communication of meaning. This approach recognizes that students need to see, hear, and process a target structure in context multiple times before they can reliably produce it themselves. The modules begin with activities that encourage students to comprehend what is said or written before they focus on how the target structure encodes that meaning; and only after these crucial, initial steps will the students proceed to activities in which they produce the target structures themselves. Known in Second Language Studies as structured input and structured output, these activities will enable students to gain an implicit knowledge of grammar that will increase their ability to interpret new structures. Modules in this project will be released in a serialized fashion witht the project completed by the end of summer 2020.
The modules on nouns were debuted at the 2020 conference of the American Association of Teachers of Slavic and East European Languages and are now available at https://dobraforma.ku.edu/.
Добра форма: Planned Units
- Gender of nouns
- Plural of nouns, both hard and soft endings, stem changes, and main exceptions
- Vocative case of nouns
- Locative case for singular and plural nouns (with prepositions в/у and на, for location)
- Accusative case for inanimate singular and plural nouns (direct object); Accusative case of nouns vs. Genitive singular for negated object: Я люблю чай. Я не люблю кави.
- Genitive case plural after quantities vs. Nom. plural: 4 гривні, 5 гривень
- Genitive case after prepositions з (from), до, без, для, біля, після + Genitive in of phrases
- Accusative case for animate singular and plural nouns, for ex. after “to have”: Я маю брата.
- Instrumental case for nouns after preposition з (ми з друзями, чай з лимоном)
- Instrumental case after certain verbs (займатися, цікавитися, стати)
- Dative case for singular and plural nouns (recipients of action)
- Possessive pronouns – agreement with nouns in Nom. singular and plural: моя мама, мої діти
- Personal pronouns in Accusative for giving names and for other direct objects: Мене звати... Я бачила його... Personal pronouns in Genitive in structures: У мене є...
- Personal pronouns after з in Instrumental: Зі мною
- Personal pronouns in Dative for age and for recipient of action: Мені 20 років. Вона дала мені підручник.
Adjectives and Ordinal Numerals
- Gender agreement of nouns and adjectives in Nom.
- Gender agreement of nouns and adjectives in Acc. singular and plural: Я знаю українську мову. Я маю старшого брата.
- Gender agreement of nouns and adjectives/ordinal numerals in Loc. singular: Я навчаюся в Канзаському університеті. Я живу на четвертому поверсі. Концерт о сьомій годині.
- Gender agreement of nouns and adjectives in Instr. singular: Я розмовляю російською мовою.
- Comparative degree of basic adjectives (both regular and irregular); comparative sentences with ніж; Superlative degree of adjectives
- Present tense of verbs (first conjugation)
- Present tense of verbs (second conjugation)
- Conjugating –ся verbs
- Past tense of verbs (all verb types)
- Future tense of verbs with бути and with –му (all verb types); Past, present, future tenses in contrast
- Introduction to verbal aspect
- Imperatives for basic verbs
- Basic verbs of motion: ходити-іти, їздити-їхати, піти – поїхати, прийти – приїхати; (Locative case for location vs. Accusative for direction: Я живу в місті. Я їду в місто.)
- Basic modal expressions (можна, хотів би, могти, хотіти, мусити)
- Formation from adjectives, place in the sentence